Bauhaus is one of popular styles of architecture design that was introduced by Walter Gropius in 1919. He is also the pioneer of international style of architecture with the well-known concept of “form follows function”. This means that the form of certain building should follow or adapt to the function of that building. Bauhaus has a significant influence to the global architecture.
Bauhaus Art School
Originally, Bauhaus (Bauen = to build and Haus = house) was an art school in German. There were some magnates involved in Bauhaus, including the founder, Walter Gropius and the activists Henry van de Velde, Herman Muthesius, and Deutsche Werkbund that managed and taught in this art school. The school developed well until it was closed by the government in April 1933.
In fact, Bauhaus is an icon of the development of art and architecture. The main concept of Bauhaus design style is the ideology of blending art and industry. Unlike the Art-Deco that gives more focus on the result of the application, Bauhaus focuses on creating some principals of modern design. However, both of Art-Deco and Bauhaus have the same purpose that is making everyone able to have some design creations.
Bauhaus and Architecture
Architecture was not the focus of attention during the initial years of Bauhaus. It got more attentions since 1926. It is shown by the unique design of the Bauhaus school with some asymmetrical shapes without the addition of ornamentation. It was the trend in German at that time. The building was constructed with concrete, metal and glass.
The characteristic of Bauhaus style architecture is the significant floor plan to present a perfect functions and connections among the rooms. Another characteristic is the tall building with elevators and glass wall. The influence of Bauhaus style architecture can be still found today with the development of modern architecture design.
Bauhaus and Its Influences
There are at least two biggest influences of Bauhaus that change the art world. First, Bauhaus created new cohesive method in art, design and architecture education. Second, Bauhaus creates the concept of International Style. It is about what and how is modern design.
All of those influences are the results of the hard works of some artists that were also the lecturers in Bauhaus. They include Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Wassily Kandinsky, Lyonel Feininger, Paul Klee, Oskar Schlemmer, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Josef Albers, Anni Fleischman Albers and so on.