Colour is a prevalent part of everything we visually see in the world. It consists of different variety types that make this world better with its rich shades. The functions of every variety of colours are significant especially for designer. For designer, it means an intuitive choice that leads them to the process of creativity. As a common people we understand that there are three different types of primary colors, there are red, yellow and blue. We also know that we can create any colors that we like by mixing these three colors.
For people who are working in the graphic design fields, the function of colour is very important. And they should know how it is formed. If you understand how it formed and more prominently the relation between different colours, you will be able to use it effectively throughout your design. The result of your design will be much more realistic and better. It is because every type of colours has its own characteristics for the design.
Theories of colour were developed by the Bauhaus school, in which they understood the concept of color in the 1920s and 1930s. These theories emerge from the hard work of the staff and also the students by arousing particular moods and emotions over the choice of the palette to form design and architectural landscape. This becomes the first mark of the theory that is still used until today and also developed in more advanced ways. The development of color theory is a long process and it helped many scientists to define and complete their understanding about colours and its characteristics.
The theory of colour is a discipline that rooted back in the ancient era at least in 15th century. It includes different discipline such as physics, chemistry, and mathematics to fully explained and express the concepts. But some people consider that this theory is unnecessary to use the colours effectively. Experience and intuition will be very significant in helping you in mixing and using the palette into your design much better. If you want to use colours effectively, you should understand about the system of colours.
Universally, there are two types of primary colour system that are also known as the methods on how the colours are reproduced. The methods are called as additive and subtractive. People mostly used these two methods on their daily basis. For example the screen of laptop uses additive colours to generate all the colours that you possibly see whereas the cover of a book that you have is the example of subtractive colors. In short, anything that produce lights such as sun, screen and lamp use additive colours whereas the other is subtractive colours.
The modern of theory of colour invented what so called as colours wheel. It has function to scrutinize the different and relationship in each colours. There are three primary colours in the wheel which are red, blue and yellow. When any two of the primary wheels mixed it will create secondary colours. When primary colours mixed with secondary colours, it will create tertiary colours. Any colours that you see in this world are the result of the mixing process between each type of colours.
For the designer, they should be familiar with properties of colour which are hue, saturation and value. Hue is used to refer of the existence of the colours in the rainbow whereas saturation means how rich each colours are. And value is the term of colours simple means how bright the colours are. You can choose different hue, value or saturation in each colour that you choose and it will give different results. That is why the variety of colours are very rich and countless.
Colour is a good medium to express your mood. You can choose your own colours theme and create something that is interesting and different. You can choose every colour and create your own characteristic whether it is soft, bright, simplicity, abstract and more. The choice of colours that you choose will explain your mood or your desire related to an object or products that you make. If you understand each characteristic of colours you will understand how you can use the colours efficiently and in a better way.